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Population Density, England 1891-1991

England Population Density, viewed in Google EarthA Google Earth time animation visualizing the change in England’s population from 27 million in 1891 to 48 million in 1991. The file uses extruded polygons, with population density proportional to height.

Data is based on the UK national census results, taken ten year intervals. Figures for 1941 are estimates, because of World War II.

The source data is calibrated for England’s 1991 administrative boundaries – the divisions I’ve used in this timeline.¬† These are slightly different from current county borders.

To view the animation, simply click the play button Рit will take at a least one run through to get up to speed.

View the animation

Source: National Statistics website: www.statistics.gov.uk
Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO

  1. July 1st, 2007 at 10:45 | #1

    You might wish to note earlier work published in Solstice: An Electronic Journal of Geography and Mathematics. In the December, 2006 issue, a set of two articles appeared using UK data from 1901 to 2001 showing sequences of UK maps with heights of georeferenced bar charts based on population change over time. These georeferenced charts were then represented as a time sequence in Google Earth so that one might study spatial change over time in the 3D environment. Here are the citations, for your reference:

    Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Michael Batty. Visualizing Rank and Size of Cities and Towns

    * Part I: England, Scotland, and Wales, 1901-2001
    * Part II: Greater London, 1901-2001

    The link for the journal itself is:
    and to the archive housing these documents is:

    Articles in Solstice are also accessible directly through the Directory of Open Access Journals (University of Lund), through the Geoscience e-Journals database (University of Brest, France), as well as through other sources.

    Your use of direct animation in Google Earth, as well as use of extruded actual geographic base polygons (as opposed to columns) and the use of population density data (rather than raw population data) are nice, natural extensions of the earlier work cited above.

  2. kenneth hoppins
    February 24th, 2008 at 19:19 | #2

    what was englands population in 1841

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